When a rocket from an island in the Bay of Bengal starts its journey with Chandrayaan-2, it will also take India’s growing ambition in space beyond the moon.
This is India’s second mission to the moon. India is sending its mission to the moon when the 50th anniversary of Apollo 11’s moon mission is being celebrated.
India’s Chandrayaan-2 will land on the unfamiliar south pole of the moon in the first week of September.
Scientists say that this area of the moon is quite complex. According to scientists, water and fossils can be found here.
Chaitanya Giri, a researcher at the ‘Space and Ocean Studies’ program at Gateway House, a Mumbai-based think tank, told the Washington Post, “A spacecraft will land for the first time at the south pole of the moon.
” The lander is named Vikram in this mission and the rover’s name is Pragyan. Vikram is named after the first head of India’s space program.
The lander is the one through which Chandrayaan will reach, and the rover means the vehicle that will understand the things there after reaching the moon. Meaning the lander will arrive with the rover.
ISRO says that if this mission is successful, then understanding about the moon will increase and it will be in favor of the entire humanity with India.
ISRO chief K Sivan has told NDTV that the 15-minute time while landing for Vikram is too complex and ISRO has never carried out such a complex mission.
India had earlier launched Chandrayaan-1 in 2008. It also turned out in search of water on the moon.
India started the space program in the 1960s and it is high on the agenda of the current Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
By 2022, India is working on a plan to send an astronaut to the moon. Mark Wittington, who has written a book on astronomy, told CNN, “India has started making decisions and it will emerge as a major force in space.” India realizes that the time has come to increase many programs in space.
There is also criticism of India’s space program whether a developing country should spend the country’s resources on a space program where millions of people are struggling with hunger and poverty.
Vikram Sarabhai is called the father of India’s space program and in response to these criticisms, he said, “The space program has a meaningful contribution to the betterment of the country and the people.” India should use technology to solve the problems of society and people.
India’s first Mars satellite cost less than the gravity of the film on space science. The cost of Chandrayaan-2 is $ 141 million, which is less than the cost of Apollo program of US $ 25 billion.
Chandrayaan-2 is the first attempt to land on the moon surface of India. Earlier, Russia, USA and China have done this work. This four-ton spacecraft has a lunar orbiter. It also has a lander and a rover.
Search is going on around the world with the moon. When Chandrayaan-1 was launched in 2008, it confirmed that there is water on the moon but could not land on the moon’s surface.
After Chandrayaan-2, India is working on a plan to send an astronaut to the moon in 2022.
Chandrayaan-2 will contact Earth directly
ISRO has said on Chandrayaan-2, “We will try to find minerals like magnesium, calcium and iron in them by looking at the rocks there.
” Along with this, you will also look for signs of water there and will also examine the outer layer of the moon.
The part orbiter and lander of Chandrayaan-2 will contact Earth directly, but the rover will not be able to communicate directly. This is India’s second mission to the moon in 10 years.
Chandrayaan-1 was India’s first mission to the moon. This mission was about a year (October 2008 to September 2009). Chandrayaan-1 was sent into space from Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota on 22 October 2008.
It reached the moon on November 8, 2008. This Chandrayaan spent 312 days in the lunar orbit. The then ISRO chairman G Madhavan Nair expressed satisfaction with the Chandrayaan mission.
He had told that Chandrayaan had to go to the moon’s chamber, install some machinery. The flag of India was to be flagged and the figures had to be sent and Chandrayaan has almost completed all of this work.
Chandrayaan-2 is being sent to pursue Chandrayaan-1’s discoveries. Following the evidence of Chandrayaan-1’s discovered water molecules,
further study of the extent of the distribution of water molecules on the lunar surface, below the surface and in the external atmosphere needs to be done.
One may ask why Chandrayaan is being landed near the South Pole of the Moon even when there is a risk and why these poles have become important for missions going to the Moon.
Actually, the southern pole of the Moon is an area that has not been investigated yet. There is a possibility of getting something new here.
Most of this area remains in the shade and due to the absence of sun rays, it is very cold here.
Scientists estimate that there may be a possibility of having water and minerals in these areas which are always under shade. This has also been confirmed in some recent orbit missions.
The presence of water can be beneficial for the presence of humans in the future on the southern axis of the moon.
The surface investigation here can also help in understanding the formation of the planet more deeply.
Also, the potential of its use as a resource for future missions can be known.